Sani Pradosham is the time between one and a half hours before and after sunset. Pradosham is a
combination of two words, "pra" and "dosham", in which "Pra" means "Removes" and "Dosham" means "sins",
that is, the time that removes sins. The time between 4.30 PM and 6.00 PM is observed as Sani Pradosham.
The smaller energy level Sani Pradosham occurs every day during this time window. Middle energy level
Sani Pradosham occurs twice a month on the 13th day after a New and Full Moon.
A larger energy level,
Sani Pradosham, occurs when one of the 13th moon days falls on a Saturday. This muhurtham comes
day. However, Pradosham time on trayodashi day is considered very auspicious. That too on the
Paksha trayodashi (that falls on a dark fortnight or trayodashi before Amavasya).
If the Pradosham falls on a Saturday, it is referred to as Sani Pradosham, which is considered even
more auspicious and, this time, has immense importance in the Shaivite tradition.
ABOUT SANI PRADOSHAM
If the Pradosham falls on a Saturday, it is referred to as Sani Pradosham, which is
considered even more auspicious and, this time, has immense importance in the Shaivite
tradition. God shiva saved the world from Halahala on a trayodashi on a Saturday. Thus, Sani
trayodashi day got immense importance. Unlike Sani Pradosham, if the trayodashi pradosham
falls on a Monday, it is referred to as Soma Pradosham. Similarly, Bhauma Pradosham on
Tuesday, Saumya pradosham on Wednesday, and Guru Bhrugu and Bhanu pradoshams on Thursday,
Friday and Sunday, respectively. Of all these, Sani and Soma pradoshams are considered very
RITUALS OF SANI PRADOSHAM
Sani Pradosham vrat is the vrat to be taken on the trayodashi days to worship God
vrat is usually done by fasting, worshipping and visiting the Shiva temple during the
pradosham time of that day. Sani and soma pradosham vrats are considered very sacred. During
the trayodashi days, the devotee who follows this vrat should take a head bath early in the
morning and do fasting for the whole day and those who can not fast for the entire day can
do till the pradosham time. The darshan, pooja, or worship that happens early in the morning
(Pratah Kala) is considered auspicious. However, in temples of God Shiva, the pooja or
darshan or worship that takes place during the evenings also have equal importance along
with the morning ones. During this time, abhishekams are performed to Great God Shiva and
Lord Rishabha or Nandi. Later, continues with the processions of Utsava Vigraham around the
temple. The devotee needs to offer prayers to God Shiva, Goddess Parvati, Ganesha,
Karthikeya, Nandi and other attendants of God Shiva. Also, the devotee must listen to or
read the Pradosham vrat story as it is prescribed in the sacred texts. After visiting the
temple or worshipping at home after pradosham, the devotee who does the vrat can eat any
eatables like fruits.
HISTORY BEHIND SANI PRADOSHAM
The history of Sani Pradosham is related to Ksheera-Sagara Madhanam, or the churning of the
milky ocean. Once, gods and demons started to churn the milky ocean to obtain the immortal
nectar or Amrutha. During the churning process, a deadly poison named Halahala came out and
destroyed whatsoever was present. After seeing the destruction caused by Halahala, the devas
and asuras panicked and ran to the Kailasa, the abode of the Great god Shiva for help.
Looking at the plight and prayers of mercy by devas and asuras, the Great God Shiva moved
and ordered Sundara, one of his attendants, to bring the halahala and gave him all the
powers to do so. With the powers obtained, Sundara rolled all that dark poison into a small
ball that looked similar to the Jamun fruit and brought it before the God Shiva. This is the
reason why Sundara is usually called Halahalasundara. Even in that situation, the
halahala ball had burnt down everything near it. Also, unable to bear its immense heat,
and other beings fled. Pitied by seeing this, Vrushabha deva, the bull of the god Shiva,
protected them by giving shelter under his tongue by stretching it out. Great god Shiva
swallowed the Halahala, kept it in his throat, and protected all the worlds, and due to
action, God Shiva's throat became blue coloured. Hence the name Neelakantha- the one
blue throat. On gratitude, devas started offering their prayers to God Shiva, and then
Shiva said to them the one who protected them at first was his Vrushabha or Nandi, so
said to offer the same prayers to him too along with him. Vrushabha deva thanked God
for his mercy on him. Then all the gods and other beings started worshipping God Shiva
Vrushabha deva simultaneously. The swallowing of Halahala by God Shiva, thereby
the devas, happened on a Triodasi day before sunset, specifically on a Saturday. That is
the Shani pradosham became very important, and it is the reason behind the worship of
Shiva and Nandi at once during this time. Hence, Shani prodasham is considered more
auspicious, especially on Triodasi and Saturday. Also, the God Shiva then danced
by standing between the horns of Rishabha or Nandi and giving his blessings to all the
beings. Pleased by this heavenly sight of God Shiva, all the gods praised in their
interesting ways for his compassionate nature, like Goddess Saraswati playing the Veena,
Indra playing the flute, God Vishnu playing mridangam, Goddess Lakshmi by singing, God
Brahma by cymbals and so on further obtaining the grace of Great God Shiva. Later, God
also gave a boon that whoever worships him along with Rishabha or Nandi in this
time will fulfil their wishes.
Worshipping God Shiva along with God Rishabha or Nandi during the pradosham time or
pradosham pooja will benefit immensely. It is believed to relieve their diseases and, mental
disbalances, fears of death. It is also believed that the devotees will be uplifted from
poverty by God's mercy and fulfil all their wishes.
TYPES OF PRADOSHAMS
Pradoshams are mainly categorised into 4 types. They are:
Nitya Pradosham – The Pradosham that comes daily.
Paksha Pradosham – that comes every 15 days on trayodashi tithi.
Masa Prodosham – That occurs on the 2nd trayodasi of the month.
Varsha Pradosham – That comes every year before the day of Maha Shivratri.
Yuga Pradosham or Pralaya Pradosham – The Pradosham that comes at the end of the