Guru Tegh Bahadur was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind. Guru Hargobind was the sixth guru.
Guru Hargobind had one daughter, Bibi Viro, and five sons: Baba Gurditta, Suraj Mal, Ani
Rai, Atal Rai, and Tyaga Mal. Tyaga Mal was born in Amritsar in the early hours of 1 April
1621. He came to be known by the name Tegh Bahadur, given to him by Guru Hargobind after
showing his valour in a battle against the Mughals. 'Tegh Bahadur' translates to 'Mighty of
About Guru Tegh Bahadur
Guru Tegh Bahadur resisted forced conversions of non-Muslims to Islam during Aurangzeb's rule. He was
publicly killed in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi. Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib and
Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib in Delhi are the sites of his execution and cremation.
Guru Tegh Bahadur's
term as Guru ran from 1665 to 1675. In the Guru Granth Sahib, there are one hundred and fifteen
Guru Tegh Bahadur. Guru Tegh Bahadur is remembered for his selfless service to people. He travelled
across the country with the teachings of Guru Nanak - the first Sikh Guru. Guru Tegh Bahadur had set
community kitchens and wells for the local people wherever he went.
Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day is observed on 24 November 2022 annually. He is the ninth guru in the
lineage of Sikh saints. He is also known as 'Hind ki Chadar' or 'Shield of India'. He has sacrificed his
life for the rights of a community of people who were not even of his religion. He was publicly killed
in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi at Chandni Chowk.
Guru Tegh Bahadur was born on 1 April 1621 and died on 11 November 1675. He was ordained as a guru on 16
Aurangzeb aimed to convert the Hindu population in India to Islam at the risk of execution if they
rebelled against his diktat. A delegation of Kashmir Pandits sought help from Guru Tegh Bahadur to
prevent the conversions.> Guru Tegh Bahadur demanded that if the emperor successfully converted him to
Islam, the others would be ready to convert too.
Upon refusing to convert to Islam, he was imprisoned
for 4 months. Following his refusal to perform a miracle to prove his closeness to God, three of his
followers were killed in front of him. Still refusing to be converted, Guru Tegh Bahadur was ordered to
be decapitated by the emperor. His decapitation was carried out in front of the public in Chandni Chowk
in Delhi. The execution was on 11 November 1675.