Dr.Ambedkar Jayanti FESTIVAL India 2023

  • TypeType: Cultural
  • Dates: 14-Apr-2023
  • Location:India

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Since 2015, Ambedkar Jayanti has been celebrated nationwide to honor Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar's birthday on April 14. It is a day to pay tribute to his immense sacrifices and services for society's betterment. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar faced discrimination and brutality from a young age due to his caste, which led him to become acutely aware of the struggles faced by Dalits. His personal experiences ignited a passion within him to fight for the rights of the oppressed and provide them with the necessary support. Today, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is held in high regard by the minority community as a revered figure for his immeasurable contributions towards their upliftment. His legacy inspires generations to strive toward a more just and equitable society.

HISTORY OF DR. AMBEDKAR JAYANTI

On April 14, 1928, Janardan Sadashiv Ranapisay, an ardent supporter of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and a social activist, commemorated the occasion for the first time in Pune. He established the custom of commemorating Ambedkar's birthday as Ambedkar Jayanti, and ever since then, India has observed April 14 as Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti, a national holiday. Janardan Sadashiv Ranapisay observed Bhim Jayanti for the first time in 1928, and more than 25 Indian states and union territories have made it a public holiday. Bhimrao Ambedkar was discriminated against as a child because he was born into a lower-caste family. After completing his formal education, he undertook several endeavours, becoming the first Indian to be awarded a Ph.D. in Economics from a foreign university. Due to the great statesman's opposition to the caste-based system in India, his birthday is celebrated as Equality Day there.

SIGNIFICANCE OF DR. AMBEDKAR JAYANTI

The Indian constitution is credited to Dr. Ambedkar as its father. He pushed the idea of social equality. He worked for the rights of underprivileged social strata, women, and communities of color. His foresight made it easier for the writing team to include these democratic ideals in the Indian Constitution. Because it highlights the caste-based prejudice that still exists in our society 75 years after independence, the Ambedkar Jayanti is important.

We observe the day to remember Babasaheb's commitment to improving the impoverished. The Indian constitution, which ensures that all citizens have the same rights regardless of caste, creed, religion, race, or culture, was written by Ambedkar. To advance the fundamental rights and education of untouchables, as well as campaigns to give Dalits access to public drinking water supplies and the freedom to enter Hindu temples, B.R. Ambedkar established the Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha, a central organisation. The nation's top officials, including the Prime Minister and President, honour his statue in the Parliament on Ambedkar Jayanti. Babasaheb motivated people to develop the agricultural, educational, health, and industrial sectors. Processions, tournaments, dramas, and theatrical productions based on the life of B.R. Ambedkar, are held at various institutions. On Bhim Jayanti, which Dalits, Adivasis, and labourers widely recognize, Babasaheb's contribution to the advancement of Dalits and the Untouchables is remembered.

CELEBRATION OF DR. AMBEDKAR JAYANTI

Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar's followers, who are primarily Dalits, Adivasis laborers, and others worldwide, celebrate Ambedkar Jayanti on a large scale. Ambedkar sculptures are honored in local communities. His followers lead a procession to the shrines in Mumbai's Chaitya Bhoomi and Nagpur's Deeksha Bhoomi. In schools, colleges, and other institutional contexts, plays and dramatic adaptations based on the life of B.R. Ambedkar is being performed. In addition, it is usual for the President, Prime Minister, and representatives of all significant political parties in India to pay respects to the statue of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar in New Delhi, which is located outside the Indian Parliament. His supporters hold Ambedkar Jayanti processions at Chaitya Bhoomi in Mumbai and Deeksha Bhoomi in Nagpur. [10] Senior national officials, such as the President, Prime Minister, and chairmen of the largest political parties, have a tradition of paying respects to Ambedkar's statue at the Indian Parliament in New Delhi. Those who adopted Buddhism after him, including women, labourers, Dalits, and Adivasis, also celebrate it worldwide. Large crowds travel through India in procession to see local sculptures honouring Ambedkar. The first-ever Ambedkar Jayanti celebration took place online in 2020.

WHO WAS DR. BHIM RAO AMBEDKAR

Dr. BR Ambedkar led the team that produced the Indian Constitution. He was born in Mhow, Central Provinces, on April 14, 1891. (present-day Madhya Pradesh). He was born to Ramji Maloji Sakpal, a Mahar (Dalit) household, as the last and fourteenth child. Dr. Ambedkar was exposed to Dalit atrocities throughout his formative years. He had a degree in political science and economics. With his first work, he was hired by the Baroda State Government. He received a scholarship to Columbia University when he was 22 years old.

Throughout his life, Bhimrao Ambedkar campaigned for the rights of Dalits. He played a key role in the Poona Pact's signing in 1932, which permitted Dalit representation in legislatures. Ambedkar was raised as an untouchable child because he was born a Dalit. He was a frequent target of social and financial discrimination. Ambedkar loved going to school but received terrible treatment because he was a Dalit. The toughest part was when he went to school since, as a Dalit, he was not permitted to sit in the same row as other pupils. By sitting near the window, he and the other children used to listen to the teacher's lessons and absorb them. The conditions were so poor that he was not even allowed to touch the faucet to get water, let alone dine in the classroom with the other kids. Ambedkar wrote about his experiences in school in a piece titled "No Peon, No Water." Ambedkar was the only one of his siblings and sisters to graduate from primary school and enroll in high school. As one of the first Dalits to accomplish his higher education, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar was a significant event at the time. His Brahmin high school teacher changed his surname from Ambadawekar, given by his father, to Ambedkar in records after observing his passion for learning. He was inspired to continue his studies after witnessing the widespread discrimination against the Dalits. Ambedkar excelled in school and had a strong desire to learn, which allowed him to earn degrees in political science, law, and economics. Thanks to his perseverance and commitment, he earned a doctorate from London University and Columbia University of London. His interest in law and political science helped him establish a reputation as a scholar. He was an economist, editor, professor, and activist in his early career who opposed discrimination against minorities.

DR. B R AMBEDKAR'S EDUCATION

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was indeed the only untouchable student at Elphinstone High School in 1897, and he obtained his degrees in political science and economics from Bombay University in 1912. He was hired by the state administration of Baroda in the same year and awarded a Baroda State Scholarship by Sayajirao Gaekwad III in 1913, which paid him 11.50 pounds per month for three years. Ambedkar did migrate to the United States in 1913 to pursue his further studies in various subjects, including sociology, history, anthropology, economics, and philosophy. In 1915, Ambedkar wrote his M.A. thesis, titled "National Dividend of India: A Historical and Analytical Study," which received high appreciation. His paper on the mechanism, genesis, and development of caste in India was also well-received. Ambedkar completed his master's degree in 1917 and produced a thesis titled "The Problem of Rupee-Its Origin and Solution," which was indeed praised for its in-depth analysis.

CONTRIBUTION BY DR. B R AMBEDKAR

Dr B.R. Ambedkar made significant contributions to our nation, dedicating his entire life to advancing India's Dalits and other socially underprivileged groups. As a prominent reformer and activist, he consistently fought against the prejudice directed towards Dalits and was instrumental in creating new legislation to support their right to education and equal treatment. Despite facing obstacles as a Dalit, he earned a doctorate in economics from London University. Dr B.R. Ambedkar also contributed to Indian education and law, entered politics, and established the "Independent Labour Party," which ran candidates in the 1935 elections in Bombay. He went on to become India's first law minister and played a crucial role in drafting the Indian Constitution, earning him the title of "Architect of the Indian Constitution."

SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTIONS OF DR. BHIM RAO AMBEDKAR

  • Dr B. R. Ambedkar has made a significant contribution. He organised several activities to promote the rights of the Dalit community. Among the noteworthy occasions are Equality Janta, Mook Nayaka, etc.
  • He had accepted an invitation from the Congress Government to serve as the nation's first law minister when it was emancipated from British rule on August 15, 1947. On August 29, 1947, he was appointed as the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee.
  • He wrote the nation's new constitution. The Constituent Assembly accepted the new constitution on November 26, 1949.
  • Being an economist, he significantly contributed to the creation of the Central Bank of India, now known as the Reserve Bank of India. He wrote three publications about the Administration and Finance of the East India Company, The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India and The Problem of the Rupee: Its Origin and Solution.
  • Dr B. R. Ambedkar's expertise as an economist was crucial in understanding the Indian economy.
  • He inspired others to work harder and expand their industrial and agricultural enterprises. Additionally, he inspired people to improve public health and education.
  • He served as an inspiration for the Dalit.

HOW WAS THE 131TH BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF DR. BHIM RAO AMBEDKAR CELEBRATED?

April 14 is observed as Ambedkar Jayanti to recognise Dr Ambedkar's immeasurable contributions to the creation of modern India. Ambedkar Jayanti is also celebrated honouring the jurist's commitment to combating social ills like caste prejudice and oppression. President Ram Nath Kovind welcomed the citizens on the 131st anniversary of Dr Ambedkar's birth and praised the man who created the Indian Constitution.

The President posted about it on Twitter and stated, "Dr. Ambedkar is regarded as one of our country's most important nation builders. He is an economist and a supporter of human rights and women's empowerment. He made a contribution to fostering peace and worked to end the caste system's faults. Dr. Ambedkar, a staunch supporter of the rule of law, never stopped fighting for the rights of the underprivileged and socially inferior."

"We should be inspired by the life of this outstanding Indian boy. To build our nation on the tenets of "Social and Economic Justice" and "Equality of Status and Opportunity" would be to pay real tribute to Dr. Ambedkar "In a statement, Rashtrapati Bhavan said the President. On the occasion of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's birth, theMaharashtra government

inaugurated a 72-foot-tall statue of him in Latur city in the presence of Union minister Ramdas Athawale. The statue was given the name "Statue of Knowledge" by the state administration. The fiber-on-steel figure was constructed by a team of 35 artists in just 28 days, according to local BJP MP Sudhakar Shrangare.

Athawale remarked in a speech at the event that everyone would find inspiration in the statue. "Dr Ambedkar battled injustice and casteism his entire life. He campaigned for social equality. Despite being insulted, he pulled the community together and paved the way for the social equality that the nation is establishing, the minister said.

On the eve of Dr B.R. On Ambedkar's 131st birthday, a 131 kg cake was cut in Bhoiwada, Mumbai, in the presence of cabinet minister Varsha Eknath Gaikwad. On the occasion of the 131st anniversary of Dr Ambedkar's birth, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. K. Stalin said in the Assembly that starting this year, April 14 will be observed as "Equality Day." Stalin said in the House that a vow would be made on that day throughout the state. He added that he would grant the request of Lok Sabha MP and Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi chairman Thol Thirumavalavan to install a life-size bronze statue of Ambedkar in the Ambedkar Manimandapam. The Chief Minister, M.K. Stalin declared that selected writings by Ambedkar would be released in Tamil (critical edition).

By December this year, the Telangana government will put up the intended 125-foot-tall statue of Dr B. R. Ambedkar in place. According to Municipal Administration Minister K T Rama Rao, the 125-ft bronze monument of Ambedkar, which is anticipated to be the largest in the world, will have a 55-ft foundation.

According to a minister, the statue construction has advanced quickly over the past eight months. According to an official announcement, the facility would become home to a museum and become a popular tourist site, in addition to serving as a source of inspiration for the nation's citizens.

On the other hand, the people of Nepal also paid tribute at a gathering in Kathmandu on Wednesday, where attendees remembered his outstanding commitment to social justice and inclusivity and his remarkable leadership and vision in creating the Indian Constitution. Ambedkar's 131st birthday was commemorated through cooperative efforts by Kathmandu University and the BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation.

Former Speaker Dhungana clarified how Ambedkar's philosophy of constitutionalism and the rule of law still holds in the modern South Asian environment, including Nepal. The KU-Nepal Center for Contemporary Studies was also introduced at this time.

TRIBUTES

  • In 1966, 1973, 1991, 2001, and 2013, Indian Post released stamps honouring Ambedkar's birthday. He was also depicted on stamps in 2009, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2020.
  • Ambedkar was given the Bharat Ratna award on April 14, 1990. The same year, his life-size image was also unveiled in the Parliament's Central Hall. In honour of Babasaheb, the years April 14 1990, through April 14 1991, were honoured as the "Year of Social Justice."
  • Ambedkar was given the Bharat Ratna award on April 14, 1990. The same year, his life-size image was also unveiled in the Parliament's Central Hall. In honour of Babasaheb, the years April 14 1990, through April 14 1991, were honoured as the "Year of Social Justice."
  • In 2015, the Indian government released 10 and 125 rupee coins to commemorate Ambedkar's 125th birthday. In honour of Ambedkar's 124th birthday, a Google Doodle was released on April 14, 2015. India, Argentina, Chile, Ireland, Peru, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom displayed the doodle.
  • The U.N. observed Ambedkar Jayanti in 2016, 2017, and 2018.
  • According to the Maharashtra government, in honour of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar, the Indian state of Maharashtra will commemorate Knowledge Day (Dnyan Din) on April 14, 2017.
  • Twitter introduced the Dr Ambedkar emoji in 2017 to honour him on the occasion of Dr Ambedkar Jayanti.
  • The decision to recognise April 14 as "Dr B.R. Ambedkar Day of Equality" was made in Canada on April 6, 2020. The Council of the Canadian city of Burnaby made a choice.
  • The Canadian province of British Columbia declared April 2022 to be Dalit History Month.
  • April 14 in British Columbia, Canada, will be recognised as "Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Equality Day" by the provincial government in 2022.
  • April 14 2022, in Colorado, United States, will be recognised as "Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Equity Day" by the state government.
  • India's Tamil Nadu state government has declared April 14, Ambedkar Jayanti, "Equity Day" starting in 2022.
  • WHY IS DR. B R AMBEDKAR'S JAYANTI CELEBRATED

    Dr B. R. Ambedkar's Jayanti is observed throughout India to recall and recognise his enormous service to the underprivileged. The Indian Constitution was largely the product of his mind. He established the Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha in 1923 to promote the value of education and improve the financial situation of the underprivileged community. He was in charge of a social movement to end casteism in the nation. He started various social campaigns against priests, temple admission, castes, etc.

    He led the Nashik temple entry agitation for human rights in 1930. He contends that the use of political power does not fully address the issues faced by oppressed people. Equal rights in society should be granted to those who are depressed. He served on Victoria's Executive Council in 1942. He campaigned to protect the rights of the working class during his time in office. Throughout his life, he was an economist and social reformer.

    CONCLUSION OF DR. AMBEDKAR JAYANTI

    Baba Saheb, also known as Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, was a politician, activist, economist, author, editor, and lawyer. He was a Dalit boy who experienced caste prejudice. He was not allowed to eat lunch with another student when he was a student. He became more aware of the world at a young age due to witnessing the caste-based discrimination he experienced. His journey shows how knowledge can transform anyone's fate and is the ultimate illustration of tenacity. A boy who experienced caste prejudice grew up to become a man who helped draft the constitution of Independent India.

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    FAQs about DR. B.R. AMBEDKAR'S JAYANTI FESTIVAL

    Q.What is Ambedkar Jayanthi?
    Ambedkar Jayanthi is the birth anniversary of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, a social reformer, and architect of the Indian Constitution.
    Q.When is Ambedkar Jayanthi celebrated?
    Ambedkar Jayanthi is celebrated on April 14 every year.
    Q.Why is Ambedkar Jayanthi important?
    Ambedkar Jayanthi is important as it is an occasion to remember and pay tribute to the contributions of Dr. Ambedkar towards the development and progress of India.
    Q.What are the major celebrations of Ambedkar Jayanthi?
    The major celebrations of Ambedkar Jayanthi include public meetings, cultural programs, and discussions on the teachings and principles of Dr. Ambedkar.
    Q.What are the major celebrations of Ambedkar Jayanthi?
    The major celebrations of Ambedkar Jayanthi include public meetings, cultural programs, and discussions on the teachings and principles of Dr. Ambedkar.
    Q.Who can celebrate Ambedkar Jayanthi?
    Ambedkar Jayanthi can be celebrated by people of all religions, castes, and communities.
    Q.Is Ambedkar Jayanthi a public holiday in India?
    Ambedkar Jayanthi is a public holiday in many states of India.
    Q.What are the teachings of Dr. Ambedkar?
    Dr. Ambedkar's teachings focus on social justice, equality, and human rights.
    Q.Was Dr. Ambedkar a politician?
    Yes, Dr. Ambedkar was a prominent politician and was the first law minister of independent India.
    Q.What is the significance of the Indian Constitution in the life of Dr. Ambedkar?
    Dr. Ambedkar was the chief architect of the Indian Constitution and played a crucial role in its development.
    Q.How is Dr. Ambedkar's contribution remembered on Ambedkar Jayanthi?
    Dr. Ambedkar's contribution is remembered through various programs and events that highlight his teachings, philosophy, and achievements.
    Q.What are some of the challenges faced by Dalits in India?
    Dalits in India face several challenges, including discrimination, social exclusion, and lack of access to education and employment opportunities.
    Q.What is the role of the government in addressing the challenges faced by Dalits?
    The government has a crucial role to play in addressing the challenges faced by Dalits by implementing policies and programs that promote social justice and equality.
    Q.What is the relevance of Dr. Ambedkar's teachings in contemporary India?
    Dr. Ambedkar's teachings remain relevant in contemporary India as they promote social justice, equality, and human rights.
    Q.What is the impact of Dr. Ambedkar's legacy on Indian society?
    Dr. Ambedkar's legacy has had a significant impact on Indian society, particularly in the areas of social justice and equality.
    Q.How can people celebrate Ambedkar Jayanthi?
    People can celebrate Ambedkar Jayanthi by organizing public meetings, cultural programs, and discussions on Dr. Ambedkar's teachings and principles. They can also visit his memorials and participate in social and community service activities.