Makar Sankranthi is the most chilled festival held in India in the spring. Spring is the most pleasant of
all seasons. Pleasant weather, calm winds, and sunny weather accompany it. These, in total, make spring
the perfect season to grow crops and sustain high crop yields. Makar Sankranti is observed to celebrate
the harvest. The Kumbh Mela is also celebrated during this period. It is conducted at an interval of 12
Makar Sankranti marks the transition of the Sun into the constellation of Capricorn. Food is one of
the most essential and beneficial sources of energy for human life and sustains all forms of life.
The Northern states of India are blessed with fertile alluvial soil. This festival is celebrated
with greater pomp in the northern states for this very reason. Makar means Capricorn, and Sankranti
means transition, which makes Makar Sankranti means the sun's transition in the Capricorn. It is a
festival of togetherness and delicacies. The main cuisine of this festival is a dish made of Til and
jaggery that add spark to the festival. The different part of the country celebrates this festival
differently and calls it by different names.
HISTORY OF MAKAR SANKRANTI
Makar Sankranti's presence can be dated back to the early years of the Mahabharata. Makar
Sankranti or Magah in the famous epics of Mahabharata. The devotees begin their days with a
Surya Namaskar and take dips in the cold waters of the Ganga. Ardent devotees take the dips
to wash off the sins that they might have committed in their lives. It is also a belief that
taking a dip in the holy 'Triveni Sangam' (the point where three holy rivers met, namely
Ganga, Yamuna, and the Brahmaputra) at Prayagraj on Makar Sankranti during the time of
'Kumbh Mela' has great importance. It is believed that at this time, if you take a holy dip
in the river, then all your sins and obstacles in life will wash away with the flow of the
river. Charity is also an important part of the festival. Donating wheat, rice, and sweets
to the needy and poor is part of the festival. It's a belief that one who donates with an
open heart then God will bring prosperity and happiness in his life and remove every
difficulty from the person's life.
RITUALS AND CELEBRATIONS OF MAKAR SANKRANTI
The ardent devotees begin their days with a Surya Namaskar and take dips in the cold waters
of the Ganga to wash off the sins they might have committed. It is also a belief that taking
a dip in the holy 'Triveni Sangam' (the point where three holy rivers met, namely Ganga,
Yamuna, and the Brahmaputra) at Prayagraj on Makar Sankranti during the time of 'Kumbh Mela'
has great importance. Charity is also an important part of the festival.